The role of political parties

Chin Political Parties need to win in elections for their specific role in the peace process Chin Political Parties need to win in elections for their specific role in the peace process Friday, November 02, Chin World Ethnic political parties have their specific role in the ongoing peace process and it is important for Chin parties to be successful in election aiming at partaking in the peace talks, said Dr. The government, the Tatmadaw and the members of parliament are on the Government side.

The role of political parties

Set policy, Nominate candidates for public office, Monitor work of elected officials, and direct resources toward a common goal.

A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a goverA political party is a [[political organization]] that seeks to attain [[politics political]] power within a [[government]], usually by participating in electoral campaigns.

What four roles do political parties have

Parties often espouse a certain [[ideology]] and vision, but may also represent a coalition among disparate interests. In countries that have a [[parliament]], political parties that have seats in parliament form a [[parliamentary party]] that consists of all their [[members of parliament]].

In [[parliamentary system]]s of government most political parties will also have an elected leader who, if the party is elected by absolute majority, or with a relative majority within the coalition where tradition is thus, becomes [[head of government]]. In [[presidential system]]s, the president may be elected as a representative of the party; however, in many nations the president is forced to relinquish connections with the party upon the assumption of office as head of state.

In certain electoral situations a [[coalition government]] may be formed from members of more than one party. This is more common after [[elections]] using [[proportional representation]] rather than a "[[Plurality electoral system first past the post]]" system.

In a [[nonpartisan system]], no official political parties exist, or the law does not permit political parties. In nonpartisan elections, each candidate is eligible for office on her or his own merits. In nonpartisan legislatures, there are no typically formal party alignments within the legislature.

The administration of [[George Washington]] and the first few sessions of the [[US Congress]] were nonpartisan. The [[unicameral]] [[Nebraska Legislature legislature]] of [[Nebraska]] is the only state government body that is nonpartisan in the United States today. Many city and county governments are nonpartisan.

Unless there are legal prohibitions against political parties, factions within nonpartisan systems often evolve into political parties.

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In [[single-party system]]s, only one political party is legally allowed to hold effective power. Although minor parties may sometimes be allowed, they are legally required to accept the leadership of the dominant party.

This party may not always be identical to the government, although sometimes positions within the party may in fact be more important than positions within the government. In [[dominant-party system]]s, opposition parties are allowed, and there may be even a deeply established democratic tradition, but other parties are widely considered to have no real chance of gaining power.

Sometimes, typically in countries with less of an established democratic tradition, it is possible the dominant party will remain in power by using [[patronage]] and sometimes by [[voting fraud]].

In the latter case, the definition between Dominant and single-party system becomes rather blurred. Also, one party dominant systems existed in [[Mexico]] with the [[Institutional Revolutionary Party]] until the s, and in the southern [[United States]] with the [[United States Democratic Party Democratic Party]] from the [[19th century s]] until the [[s]].

One [[right wing]] coalition party and one [[Left-wing politics left wing]] coalition party is the most common ideological breakdown in such a system but in two-party states political parties are traditionally [[Big tent catch all parties]] which are ideologically broad and inclusive.

A majority voting election system usually leads to a two-party system. In nations such as [[Canada]] and the [[United Kingdom]], there may be two strong parties, with a third party that is electorally successful. The party may frequently come in second place in elections and pose a threat to the other two parties, but has still never formally held government.

However in times of [[minority government]]s, their support is often necessary to either support or defeat a government which means it can have considerable influence under optimal circumstances. In some rare cases, such as in [[Finland]], the nation may have an active three-party system, in which all three parties routinely hold top office.

It is very rare for a country to have more than three parties who are all equally successful, and all have an equal chance of independently forming government. More commonly, in cases where there are numerous parties, no one party often has a chance of gaining power, and parties must work with each other to form [[coalition government]]s.

This has been an emerging trend in the politics of the [[Republic of Ireland]] and is almost always the case in [[Germany]] on national and state level and often common on communal level, too.

In general, in countries that use [[proportional representation]], a multi-party system is likely. Party funding Political parties are funded by contributions from their membership and by individuals and organizations which share their political ideas or who stand to benefit from their activities.

Political parties and [[factions]], especially those in government, are [[lobbying lobbied]] vigorously by organizations, businesses and special interest groups such as [[trades unions]]. Money and gifts to a party, or its members, may be offered as incentives.

In the United Kingdom, it has been alleged that [[peerages]] have been awarded to contributors to party funds, the benefactors becoming members of the [[House of Lords Upper House of Parliament]] and thus being in a position to participate in the legislative process.

Famously, [[Lloyd George]] was found to have been selling peerages and to prevent such corruption in future, Parliament passed the [[Honours Prevention of Abuses Act ]] into law. Such activities have given rise to demands that the scale of donations should be capped.

As the costs of electioneering escalate, so the demands made on party funds increases. In the UK some politicians are advocating that parties should be funded by the [[State]]; a proposition that promises to give rise to interesting debate. Along with the increased scrutiny of donations there has been a long term contraction in party memberships in a number of western democracies which itself places more strains on funding.

Other incomes they may have are not taken into account.Political parties want as many people involved as possible. Most members take a fairly passive role, simply voting for their party's candidates at election time.

The role of political parties

Some become more active and work as officials in the party or volunteer to persuade people to vote. 5 Roles of Political Parties. Blue Packet p. 1. STUDY. PLAY. Nominate Candidates-Selecting candidates to run for political office-Choose candidates to represent the party.

Influence party-Senators and representatives from each party create and pass laws that support their party's platform. The ability of the major parties to adapt to the nation’s political development has resulted in a pragmatic domination of the political process.

Why a two-party system? As noted, Republicans and Democrats have dominated electoral politics since the s. Political parties want as many people involved as possible.

What Are the Four Roles of Political Parties? | leslutinsduphoenix.com

Most members take a fairly passive role, simply voting for their party's candidates at election time. Some become more active and work as officials in the party or volunteer to persuade people to vote. The role of political parties is central to the actualization of true democracy.

For instance, the inability of the political parties to encourage fairness in the internals election of flag bearers is what leads to election malpractices at the general elections. Ethnic political parties have their specific role in the ongoing peace process and it is important for Chin parties to be successful in election aiming at partaking in the peace talks, said Dr.

Sui Khar, Assistant General Secretary (1) of the Chin National Front (CNF).

Political Parties: 5 Major Functions of Political Parties in Democracy - Important India